Rachel Louise Carson was an accomplished American marine biologist and conservationist born on May 27, 1907, making her today’s google doodle. Read on for more information on Rachel Carson.
1. Her Work Advanced the Global Environmental Movement
— Inquisitive Alok (@inquisitivealok) May 26, 2014
Carson turned her attention to conservation, especially environmental problems that she believed were caused by synthetic pesticides. The result was “Silent Spring” (1962), which brought environmental concerns to an unprecedented share of the American people.
“Silent Spring” was, of course, opposed by chemical companies, but it also prompted a reversal in national pesticide policy, leading to a nationwide ban on DDT and other pesticides. In addition, it inspired a grassroots environmental movement, which led to the creation of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
2. She Started Out as a Marine Biologist
Today Google honored Marine Biologist Rachel Carson with their doodle. http://t.co/ug5f7T1DSz
— Jim Patterson (@Jim_Patterson) May 27, 2014
Carson first began her career as a marine biologist in the US Bureau of Fisheries where she wrote literature for the public. Her primary duties consisted of analyzing and reporting field data on fish populations.
3. In the 1950s, Carson Became a Nature Writer as her Full-Time Profession
4/14: レイチェル•カーソン Rachel Louise Carson 忌日。(1907.5.27 – 1964.4.14) pic.twitter.com/uHZYgSpg1P
— 兎乃 (@unoSakuya) April 13, 2014
Carson’s works were very successful. In addition to her book “Silent Spring,” Carson wrote three best-selling books titled: “The Sea Around Us,” “The Edge of the Sea” and “Under The Sea Wind”.
4. She Was Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Jimmy Carter
Throughout her life, Carson had received many awards including the Audubon Medal (from the National Audubon Society), a U.S. National Book Award, the Cullum Medal (from the American Geographical Society), and induction into the American Academy of Arts and Letters. But, one honor that was truly special was being awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Jimmy Carter.
5. Carson Died of a Heart Attack
Google dedica el doodle a Rachel Louise Carson, bióloga marina pionera en plantear la conciencia medioambiental pic.twitter.com/MdRN74607v
— Raíces Ecologistas (@RaicesEco) May 26, 2014
Carson had battled breast cancer, but became weak and contracted a respiratory virus in 1964. From her radiation treatments, she had developed anemia and her cancer spread to her liver. On April 14, 1964, Carson passed away from a heart attack. She died in her home in Silver Spring, Maryland.