Scenes are coming in of flash flooding and damage from Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico, and a lot of people on the American coast are wondering about the storm’s next stage. Will Hurricane Maria strike the East Coast of the United States?
Models, spaghetti and otherwise, provide a sense of the hurricane’s next path. They show the storm skirting the East Coast (and missing Florida completely), but provide hope that it will stay at sea and not make a direct hit on any east coast state. As the storm has continued to shift, the northeast coastline has fallen more in potential peril than areas like Georgia or South Carolina (although this is by no means certain, either). States like New Jersey are keeping a close watch on Maria, but there’s hope that Maria will go the way of Jose and stay out to sea.
As you can see from the September 21 forecast cone from the National Hurricane Center, no coastal states are currently in the cone of uncertainty.
Spaghetti models for September 21 show the storm out to sea and missing the East Coast completely.
The bottom line: It’s impossible to know for sure, Florida and the southeast coastline are likely not in much peril, recent models show hope for the entire U.S. coast. A few models recently have shown strands of the storm potentially reaching the northeast, but this is not certain.
Although it operated in the shadow of monstrous Hurricane Irma for a while, Maria’s wrath is now being felt throughout the Caribbean. The entire island of Puerto Rico was without power as a result of Maria on September 20.
“The long-range cone of uncertainty shows the…storm taking a northern turn sooner than initially forecast. That should send it out to sea, rather than an impact on the U.S. coastline, say forecasters,” Fortune Magazine reports.
Maria is, so far, considered to be taking a path somewhat akin to Jose, which didn’t cause much of a problem on the east coast as it never ended up making a direct landfall.
According to the News Observer, when it comes to North Carolina, models for the storm suggest “it might not make a direct hit on North Carolina next week, but the storm’s effects almost certainly will be felt nonetheless.” The newspaper noted, “The model the National Hurricane Center posted on Wednesday leaves Maria south and east of North Carolina at the start of next week.”
The storm’s effects are already being felt on the east coast, though. According to USA Today, the “storm will continue to cause rough surf and rip currents along the North Carolina shore north of Cape Hatteras for the rest of the week.”
You can see the forecast for some key cities on the east coast below. None of them is under a hurricane watch or warning:
Track Maria through the National Weather Service here.
On September 20, the National Hurricane Center released this update on Maria:
“An Air Force Reserve reconnaissance aircraft found that Maria’s center moved off the northwestern coast of Puerto Rico just before 1800 UTC, but the hurricane appears to have taken quite a hit from the high mountains of the island. The aircraft measured a maximum flight-level wind of 106 kt to the east of the center and SFMR surface winds as high as 91 kt. The initial intensity is therefore set to 95 kt. The central pressure has also risen considerably, and the latest report from the airplane is 957 mb.
Maria may have taken a temporary jog west-northwestward across Puerto Rico, likely due to topographic effects, but the longer-term motion remains northwestward, or 305/10 kt. Maria should maintain a northwestward motion for the next 36 hours while it remains on the southwestern periphery of a mid-level high over the western
Atlantic. After 36 hours, Maria is expected to turn northward between the high and a broad trough extending from Tropical Storm Jose southwestward into the Gulf of Mexico. The updated track guidance remains in excellent agreement on this scenario, and the overall guidance envelope has shifted a bit eastward on this cycle.
The new NHC forecast is therefore nudged a little east of the previous forecast toward the various consensus aids.
It may take some time for Maria’s structure to reorganize itself now that it is back over water. Although the intensity models are not all that enthusiastic about strengthening, the environment looks conducive for intensification, and the NHC forecast lies at the upper bound of the guidance, closest to the HWRF solution. It
would not be surprising, however, if Maria eventually strengthens more than shown here. Some weakening is expected by days 4 and 5 due to increased shear, as well as Maria possibly moving over the cold wake of Tropical Storm Jose to the east of the Carolinas.
We would like to thank the crew of the latest Air Force Reserve mission for their incredible service today. After beginning their mission this morning before the center first moved onshore, the crew went above and beyond, returning to Curacao to refuel, and then heading back to Puerto Rico to catch Maria’s center when it first moved back off the coast. The data collected by the crew was incredibly important for us to analyze Maria’s intensity and structure after moving across the island, and we are grateful for their effort.
1. Maria’s core is moving away from the northwestern coast of Puerto Rico, and strong winds and storm surge flooding should subside through early Thursday. However, heavy rainfall is expected to continue, and catastrophic flash flooding is occurring on the island, especially in areas of mountainous terrain. Everyone in Puerto Rico should continue to follow advice from local officials to avoid these life-threatening flooding conditions.
2. A Hurricane Warning is in effect for the northern coast of the Dominican Republic, the Turks and Caicos Islands, and the southeastern Bahamas, where Maria is expected to bring dangerous wind, storm surge, and heavy rainfall.”
Here’s a round up of other online trackers you can use to monitor the hurricane’s path.