Pat Smith & Khizr Khan: Comparing the Media Coverage

Pat Smith, Patricia Smith, Benghazi

Pat Smith, mother of Sean Smith, one of the four Americans killed in the September 11, 2012 terror attack on the U.S. Consulate in Benghazi, Libya, delivers a speech on the first day of the Republican National Convention. (Getty)

Some argue that the news media has treated grieving parent Pat Smith differently than grieving parent Khizr Khan.

Donald Trump raised the comparison himself when he said, “The media is very dishonest, very, very dishonest. I mean, when they don’t take Patty Smith, when they don’t take Pat, who’s an unbelievable woman, and they give her virtually no airtime, and they give other people unbelievable amounts of air — just so unfair.”

However, he’s not the only person saying there’s a disparity in media coverage of the two Gold Star parents. Media critic Howard Kurtz is among those who made this point. He wrote of Khan and his wife, Ghazala: “The media have given this man and his wife an enormous platform—in a way they conspicuously declined to do when Patricia Smith blamed Hillary Clinton at the Republican convention for the death of her son in Benghazi.”

The similarities: Both are Gold Star parents who used a high-profile political convention podium to strongly criticize a presidential candidate. Others argue that there are key differences between the two, including the manner in which Clinton and Trump responded to the criticism from the grieving parents, with Trump fueling continued negative coverage because he has criticized Khan.

Here’s the background. Smith is the mother of Sean Smith, an American diplomat who was killed in the Benghazi massacre on Sept. 11, 2012 by al-Qaeda-affiliated terrorists.

She spoke at the Democratic Convention and harshly criticized Hillary Clinton, saying, in part, “In an email to her daughter shortly after the attack, Hillary Clinton blamed it on terrorism, but when I saw Hillary Clinton at Sean’s coffin ceremony, just days later, she looked me squarely in the eye and told me a video was responsible. Since then, I have repeatedly asked Hillary Clinton to explain to me the real reason why my son is dead. I’m still waiting. Hillary Clinton is a woman, a mother and a grandmother of two. I am a woman, a mother and a grandmother of two. How could she do this to me?” Clinton has denied she told Smith a video was responsible.

Patricia Smith, Mother of Benghazi Victim, Gives Emotional Speech at Republican Convention (7-18-16)Monday, July 18, 2016: Patricia Smith, Mother of Benghazi Victim Sean Smith, Speaks at Republican National Convention. RSBN's live streaming coverage of the Republican National Convention kicks off Monday, July 18, 2016 from Cleveland, OH. Watch the live speeches from the convention floor and get updates from RSBN hosts live at Quicken Loans Arena. Republican…2016-07-19T00:46:54.000Z

Khizr Khan is the father of Capt. Humayun Khan, a Muslim who died in the Iraq War in 2004. He spoke at the Democratic National Convention and harshly criticized the Republican nominee Donald Trump. At one point during the speech, Khan waved a copy of the U.S. Constitution.

“If it was up to Donald Trump, [Humayun] never would have been in America. Donald Trump consistently smears the character of Muslims. … He vows to build walls and ban us from this country,” he said. He also said to Trump, “You have sacrificed nothing and no one.” Watch:

Dad of fallen Muslim soldier's powerful DNC speech (Khizr Khan full speech)Khizr Khan, the father of a Muslim U.S. soldier killed in combat, criticized Donald Trump's stance against immigrants and Muslims during a speech at the Democratic National Convention.2016-07-29T02:36:30.000Z

How do the cases compare?

Here’s what you need to know:


The Media Have Covered Khan More Than Smith, Some Claim

khan, gold star families, trump, apology

Khizr Khan, father of deceased Muslim U.S. Soldier Humayun S. M. Khan, holds up a booklet of the US Constitution. (Getty)

Newsbusters says it studied news coverage of the two speeches and found that Khan received 50 times more coverage than Smith. “Khizr Khan and his wife Ghazala’s DNC appearance earned 55 minutes, 13 seconds of Big Three network coverage, nearly 50 times more than Pat Smith, whose RNC speech honoring her son earned just 70 seconds of airtime,” says Newsbusters.

Newsbusters also studied coverage after the conventions. “In the days (July 19 to August 1) that followed Smith’s indictment of Clinton from the RNC podium, CBS (3 seconds) ABC (13 seconds) and NBC (54 seconds) gave her speech a total of just 70 seconds of coverage,” says the site. “In the four days (July 29 to August 1) following Khizr Khan and his wife Ghazala’s speech NBC (31 minutes, 39 seconds), offered the most amount of time followed by ABC (14 minutes, 21 seconds) and then CBS (9 minutes, 13 seconds).”

Mediaite checked this claim and said it ignored the coverage on cable news networks. “Conceding that the Patricia Smith speech only got 70 seconds from the Big Three (it got much more from the cable news networks), Mr. Khan’s speech did get more coverage,” Mediaite said, but not 50 times. Mediaite says the “Big Three” devoted 1 minute and 49 seconds to Khan’s speech and that some of the coverage Newsbusters is counting includes Trump’s response to the speech and the Khans’ response to Trump, showing the coverage favored Trump, said Mediaite.

The Washington Post says Trump called in to Bill O’Reilly’s show on Fox News while Smith was on stage at the convention, drawing media coverage away from her.

The Daily Beast notes that Fox News did not air either the Khan or the Smith speech, but CNN and MSNBC aired both speeches.


Both Khan & Smith Have Continued Their Criticisms of The Candidates Since the Conventions

VideoVideo related to pat smith & khizr khan: comparing the media coverage2016-08-05T01:58:28-04:00

Smith told Breitbart, a conservative site, “I wanted Hillary to explain mainly why she did what she did. They haven’t talked to me. They treat me like dirt.” Smith said on CNN that “Clinton has basically called her a liar.”

Khan has given multiple media interviews in which he has challenged Trump’s empathy, demanded he return a Purple Heart a veteran gave him, and accused the Republican nominee of having a “black soul.”

Their continued criticism gives the media a chance to keep the stories alive.


Trump & Clinton Responded Differently to The Criticism

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Donald Trump is trailing in the majority of the latest polls. (Getty)

Hillary Clinton “disputed Smith’s claims” in a TV interview, but she also said, “I don’t hold any ill feeling for someone who in that moment may not fully recall everything that was or wasn’t said,” Daily Beast said. However, Smith and some conservative sites claim that Clinton is essentially calling Smith and another Benghazi victim’s father a liar by disputing their accounts of what she told them about the attack.

Trump has made a series of controversial comments about the Khans, such as questioning why Khan’s wife stayed silent at the convention, and insisting that he had sacrificed too because he has created jobs. At one point, he said, “Mr. Khan, who does not know me, viciously attacked me from the stage of the DNC and is now all over T.V. doing the same – Nice!”

Top Republicans like New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie, RNC head Reince Priebus, and Arizona Sen. John McCain have disagreed with Trump on the Khans, fueling more coverage. Clinton has not faced criticism from within her own party over her response to Smith.


Some in The Media Have Criticized Smith & Khan

GQ writer Bethlehem Shoals tweeted, according to Kurtz: “I don’t care how many children Pat Smith lost, I would like to beat her to death.” He later apologized.

MSNBC’s Chris Matthews, said of Smith: “I don’t care what that woman up there, the mother has felt, her emotions are her own” but said it was wrong to “have someone get up there and tell a lie about Hillary Clinton.” He said Smith’s talk had “ruined” the evening. The Washington Times said Smith was vilified in the media after the speech, saying that Rachel Maddow of MSNBC called Smith’s speech “a spectacle so offensive it was hard even to comprehend.” Nation magazine said the speech was “a cynical exploitation of grief.” The New Yorker magazine said her speech was “a weaponization of grief” and The Washington Post said what Smith represented was “an early dip into the gutter,” said The Washington Times.

Criticism of Khan has come mostly in conservative media or from conservative commentators. Kurtz adds that some of Trump’s surrogates have continued fueling the story also; for example, his former aide Roger Stone tied Khan to the Muslim Brotherhood. Conservative sites and pundits have also tried to tie Khan to Sharia law (which he denies) and immigration law (he said on CNN he’d handled a few cases), helping keep the controversy alive.

Politifact fact-checked Smith’s statements, especially her claim that Clinton lied to her about the attack being caused by a video, and noted “No one recorded these brief meetings behind closed doors. Family members and Clinton disagree on what was said.”

Charles Woods, father of CIA operative Tyrone Woods, also said Clinton blamed a film, said Politifact, but other family members said she did not. National Review says that Woods produced notes to back up his claim.

In Clinton’s public statement, she had said, “We’ve seen the heavy assault on our post in Benghazi that took the lives of those brave men. We’ve seen rage and violence directed at American embassies over an awful Internet video that we had nothing to do with.”

Politifact said Clinton did say the attack was affiliated with Al-Qaeda to her daughter and the Libyan president the day it occurred but still says she thinks the video played a role.

Politifact determined that there was not enough evidence in the public record to show Clinton had intentionally or otherwise lied to Benghazi families, saying the administration was dealing with conflicting information at the time.


Smith Has Made The Allegations Against Clinton Before But Khan Was Not Well Known

Ghazala Khan, Khizr Khan

Khizr Khan (R), accompanied by his wife Ghazala Khan (L), walks off stage after speaking about their son U.S. Army Captain Humayun Khan. (Getty)

Kurtz pointed out that Smith has criticized Clinton repeatedly in the past, whereas Khizr Khan was a private figure few had heard of before the convention. The media may gravitate toward covering what is new.

The Benghazi attacks sparked congressional hearings, a book and movie. For example, in March, Smith publicly claimed that Clinton lied to her and said there was “a special place in hell” for people like Clinton.

Khan’s comments also come against the backdrop of Trump’s controversial plan to ban Muslim immigration.


Both Khan & Smith Have Spoken Movingly About Their Children

Humayun Khan, Democratic National Convention

U.S. Army Capt. Humayun Khan. Democratic National Convention video screenshot.

“I don’t know how to explain Sean,” Smith told Breitbart radio. “He was my only child. We kind of lived together. I took care of him. He had nobody else than me, and we were very, very close. Everyplace he was stationed, I tried to go and visit him. All over the world, I went.”

Patricia Smith

Patricia Smith, mother of Benghazi victim Sean Smith (pictured at right), addresses the Republican National Convention. (Getty)

Her son was in the Air Force before he became a State Department IT contractor.

Khan has described his son’s humanity, empathy, and leadership. Humayun Khan took 10 steps forward to check out a suspicious vehicle and was killed when it exploded after telling his troops to step back.

His father told Vocativ: “We still wonder what made him take those 10 steps [towards the car]. Maybe that’s the point where all the values, all the service to country, all the things he learned in this country kicked in. It was those values that made him take those 10 steps. Those 10 steps told us we did not make [a] mistake in moving to this country. These were the values we wanted to adopt. Not religious values, human values.”