Like Trump, Jackson was also mired in controversy during his service. Jackson is best remembered as spearheading the Indian Removal Act of 1830. According to the Library of Congress, the bill authorized "the president to grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders." Many tribes went peacefully, but some did not. During the fall and winter of 1838 and 1839, the United States forcibly removed the Cherokees from their native lands that stretched from southwest Virginia, western North Carolina and South Carolina, north Georgia, east Tennessee, and northeast Alabama to a reservation in Oklahoma. The removal became known as the Trail of Tears and it is estimated that 4,000 people died during the forced march west, according to PBS.