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Presidential Election History: Results of All Past Elections

George Washington, who was the first president, George Washington election

(Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

The U.S. held its first presidential election in 1789, a year after the Constitution ratified. In that election, the popular vote wasn’t counted and the president was chosen directly by the electoral college. George Washington, the hero of the American Revolution, was elected as the first president. Since then, there have been 56 more presidential elections, every four years.

Now, 227 years later, Americans picked between their first woman president, Hillary Clinton or a man who has never held elective office before, Donald Trump. Trump was the shocking victor, with 279 electoral votes.

Here is a look at the results of all 57 presidential elections, via 270ToWin.com.


1789
George Washington (Federalist) – 69 electoral votes

1792
George Washington (F) – 132

1796
This was the only contested election before the 12th Amendment, so the runner-up became Vice President, even though he was from a different party.
John Adams (F) – 71
Thomas Jefferson (Democratic-Republican) – 68

1800
Thomas Jefferson (DR) – 73
John Adams (F) – 65

1804
Thomas Jefferson (DR) – 162
Charles C. Pickney (F) – 14

1808
James Madison (DR) – 122
Charles C. Pickney (F) – 47
George Clinton (DR) – 6

1812
James Madison (DR) – 128
De Witt Clinton (F) – 89

1816
James Monroe (DR) – 183
Rufus King (F) – 34

1820
James Monroe (DR) – 231
John Quincy Adams (Independent) – 1

1824
Andrew Jackson (DR) – 99
John Quincy Adams (DR) – 84
William H. Crawford (DR) – 41
Henry Clay (DR) – 37
Since no candidate won a majority of the electoral votes, the presidency was decided by the House of Representatives. Adams won the vote and this remains the only time in history that the presidency was decided by the House.

1828
Andrew Jackson (Democrat) – 178
John Quincy Adams (National Republican) – 83

1832
Andrew Jackson (D) – 219
Henry Clay (NR) – 49
John Floyd (I) – 11
William Wirt (Anti-Masonic) – 7

1836
Martin Van Buren (D) – 170
William H. Harrison (Whig) – 73
Hugh L. White (W) – 26
Daniel Webster (W) – 14
W.P. Magnum (I) – 11

1840
William H. Harrison (W) – 234
Martin Van Buren (D) – 60

1844
James K. Polk (D) – 170
Henry Clay (W) – 105

1848
Zachary Taylor (W) – 163
Lewis Cass (D) – 127

1852
Franklin Pierce (D) – 254
Winfield Scott (W) – 42

1856
James Buchanan (D) – 174
John C. Fremont (Republican) – 114
Millard Fillmore (American) – 8

1860
Abraham Lincoln (R) – 180
John C. Breckinridge (D) – 72
John Bell (Constitutional Union) – 39
Stephen A. Douglas (D) – 12

1864
Abraham Lincoln (R) – 212
George B. McClellan (D) – 21

1868
Ulysses S. Grant (R) – 214
Horatio Seymour (D) – 80

1872
Ulysses S. Grant (R) – 286
Thomas A. Hendricks (D) – 42
B. Gratz Brown (D) – 18
Charles J. Jenkins (D) – 2
David Davis (D) – 1
Horace Greeley (D) – 0
Greeley died between the general election and the electoral college vote, so Democratic electors voted for four different candidates instead of one.

1876
Rutheford B. Hayes (R) – 185
Samuel J. Tilden (D) – 184
It’s believed that the Compromise of 1877 ended the disputed election, with Democrats allowing Hayes to be president in exchange for pulling federal troops out of Southern states.

1880
James A. Garfield (R) – 214
Winfield S. Hancock (D) – 155

1884
Grover Cleveland (D) – 219
James G. Blaine (R) – 182

1888
Benjamin Harrison (R) – 233
Grover Cleveland (D) – 168

1892
Grover Cleveland (D) – 277
Benjamin Harrison (R) – 145
James B. Weaver (People’s Party) – 22

1896
William McKinley (R) – 271
William J. Bryan (Democratic-Populist) – 176

1900
William McKinley (R) – 292
William J. Bryan (DP) – 155

1904
Theodore Roosevelt (R) – 336
Alton B. Parker (D) – 140

1908
William H. Taft (R) – 321
William J. Bryan (D) – 162

1912
Woodrow Wilson (D) – 435
Theodore Roosevelt (Progressive) – 88
William H. Taft (R) – 8

1916
Woodrow Wilson (D) – 277
Charles E. Hughes (R) – 254

1920
Warren G. Harding (R) – 404
James M. Cox (D) – 127

1924
Calvin Coolidge (R) – 382
John W. Davis (D) – 136
Robert M. LaFollette (P) – 13

1928
Herbert C. Hoover (R) – 444
Alfred E. Smith (D) – 87

1932
Franklin D. Roosevelt (D) – 472
Herbert C. Hoover (R) – 59

1936
Franklin D. Roosevelt (D) – 523
Alfred M. Landon (R) – 8

1940
Franklin D. Roosevelt (D) – 449
Wendell L. Willkie (R) – 82

1944
Franklin D. Roosevelt (D) – 432
Thomas E. Dewey (R) – 99

1948
Harry S. Truman (D) – 303
Thomas E. Dewey (R) – 189
J. Strom Thurmond (States’ Rights Democratic) – 39

1952
Dwight D. Eisenhower (R) – 442
Aldai Stevenson (D) – 89

1956
Dwight D. Eisenhower (R) – 457
Adlai Stevenson (D) – 73

1960
John F. Kennedy (D) – 303
Richard M. Nixon (R) – 219
Harry F. Byrd (D) – 15

1964
Lyndon B. Johnson (D) – 486
Barry M. Goldwater (R) – 52

1968
Richard M. Nixon (R) – 301
Hubert H. Humphrey (D) – 191
George C. Wallace (American Independent) – 46

1972
Richard M. Nixon (R) – 520
George McGovern (D) – 17

1976
Jimmy Carter (D) – 297
Gerald R. Ford (R) – 240

1980
Ronald Reagan (R) – 489
Jimmy Carter (D) – 49

1984
Ronald Reagan (R) – 525
Walter F. Mondale (D) – 13

1988
George H.W. Bush (R) – 426
Michael S. Dukakis (D) – 111

1992
William J. Clinton (D) – 370
George H.W. Bush (R) – 168

1996
William J. Clinton (D) – 379
Robert Dole (R) – 159

2000
George W. Bush (R) – 271
Al Gore (D) – 266

2004
George W. Bush (R) – 286
John F. Kerry (D) – 251

2008
Barack H. Obama (D) – 365
John S. McCain (R) – 173

2012
Barack H. Obama (D) – 332
W. Mitt Romney (R) – 206

2016
Donald J. Trump (R) – 279
Hillary Clinton (D) – 218

For a look at the 2012 election, click here:

2012 Presidential Election Results: How Obama Beat Romney

In the previous presidential election, Barack Obama beat Mitt Romney to win re-election. How did he do it? Here's a look at the results from 2012.

Click here to read more

Presidential Election Results & Electoral College Map

Several key states remain too close to call as polls close around the country. See the state-by-state electoral map here.

Click here to read more

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