How Many Executive Orders Has Trump Signed So Far? [FULL LIST]

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President Donald Trump is planning to sign an executive order later today that will dismantle many of former President Barack Obama’s environmental regulations.  The order will direct the EPA to suspend or rescind the Clean Power Plan, CBS reported. It will be called an Energy Independence executive order. In his first 50 days as President, Trump had signed 29 executive orders. His executive orders have slowed down a bit since then, but as of March 28, before issuing the environmental order, Trump has signed 31 executive orders and memorandums, plus seven proclamations.

Here is a complete list of all of his executive actions, including links to where you can go to read them. These are listed in chronological order starting with the most recent executive action.

Here’s what you need to know.


Trump’s Executive Orders and Memorandums Since Becoming President

#31. Revocation of Federal Contracting

On March 27, Trump signed another executive order. This was a revocation of three other executive orders 13673 of July 31, 2014, section 3 of Executive Order 13683 of December 11, 2014, and Executive Order 13738 of August 23, 2016.

Read the full executive order here.

#30. Plan for Reorganizing the Executive Branch and Cutting Agencies

On March 13, Trump signed a new executive order with his plans for reorganizing the executive branch. It calls for eliminating unnecessary agencies and their components. Within 180 days of the order, the head of each agency should submit a plan to reorganize the agency to improve efficiency and effectiveness. The Director of OMB is also called to publish a notice in the Federal Register inviting the public to suggest improvements in the executive branch functioning and is directed to consider those. Within 180 days after submissions are closed, the Director should submit a new plan to Trump. Factors to be considered include whether an agency is better run by the state than the federal government, if some functions are redundant, if the costs are justified for the public good, and the costs of shutting down or merging the agency. This executive order is not the budget and does not list the agencies to be cut. That document is called America First: A Budget Blueprint to Make American Great Again, and you can read it here.

Read the full executive order from March 13 here.

#29. New Travel Ban (Executive Order Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States)

This is a new and “updated” executive order about the immigration travel ban, which revokes the original order and replaces it with this one. The order states that the original ban “does not provide a basis for discriminating … of any particular religion…  While that order allowed for prioritization of refugee claims from members of persecuted religious minority groups, that priority applied to refugees from every nation, including those in which Islam is a minority religion.”

The order discusses courts’ reaction to the original ban and describes why the six countries were included on the list. The order states, “In light of the conditions in these six countries, until the assessment of current screening and vetting procedures required by section 2 of this order is completed … I am imposing a temporary pause on the entry of nationals from Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen, subject to categorical exceptions and case-by-case waivers, as described in section 3 of this order.” The order goes on to make a special case for Iraq, which has active combat zones and has been working closely with the United States. It also states that the categories of “aliens that have prompted judicial concerns” is excluded from the suspension.

Read the full order from March 6 here.

#28. Memo on How to Implement New Travel Ban

This memo instructs the Secretary of State, Attorney General, and Secretary of Homeland Security on how to implement the travel ban.  Vetting should be enhanced for visa applications and other immigration benefits, it explains. Other existing grounds of “inadmissibility” should be “rigorously” enforced. The Secretary of State and Secretary of Homeland Security should also release regular reports about visas and changes to immigration status, in non-technical language, for transparency with the American people.

Read the full memo from March 6 here.

#27. Promoting Excellence at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (Executive Order)

This order created the White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities. The goal was to increase these schools’ private funding and find ways to encourage increased attendance. Some protested the signing of the order, out of an overall disapproval of Trump.

Read the full order from February 28 here.

#26. Review ‘Waters of the United States’ Rule to Restore Economic Growth (Executive Order)

In this order, the President first states that his policy is to ensure the nation’s navigable waters are pollution free while also promoting economic growth and minimizing regulatory uncertainty. It directs specific members of the administration to review the “Clean Water Rule” for consistency with Trump’s policy and, if needed, propose a revised rule or rescind the rule.

Read the full order from February 28 here.

#25. Enforce Regulatory Reform Agenda (Executive Order)

This order requires heads of agencies to designate a Regulatory Reform Officer within 60 days (except for agencies who received waivers.) The RRO ensures regulatory reform initiatives are carried out. This includes making sure the 2-for-1 federal regulation order is followed, among others.

Read the full order from February 24 here.

#24. Order of Succession in Justice Department (Executive Order)

In this order lists the three attorneys who can perform the duties of the Attorney General if the AG, Deputy AG, and Associate AG have died, resigned, or can’t perform their duties.

Read the full order from February 9 here.

#23. Enforcing Laws Against Transnational Criminal Organizations & International Trafficking (Executive Order)

This order directors members of Trump’s administration to improve efforts to prosecute and end transnational criminal organizations; increase information sharing with foreign partners battling criminal organizations; determine new ways to identify and disrupt these organizations; and issue quarterly reports about convictions in the U.S. related to these organizations, for the purpose of transparency. Within 120 days of the order, they must submit a report about these organizations’ penetration into the U.S. and progress on combating them.

Read the full order from February 9 here.

#22. Preventing Violence Against Law Enforcement (Executive Order)

This order directs the Attorney General to develop a strategy to use existing federal laws to prosecute individuals who commit violent crimes against law enforcement and coordinate with law enforcement in prosecuting violent crimes. Also, the AG should work with other federal agencies to recommend legislation that addresses law enforcement safety, including defining new crimes and new mandatory sentences for existing crimes against law enforcement and related crimes.

Read the full order from February 9 here.

#21. Task Force on Crime Reduction & Public Safety (Executive Order)

This order noted that the executive branch’s policy was to reduce American crime. As such, Trump ordered the Attorney General to establish a Task Force on Crime Reduction and Public Safety. This Task Force will develop strategies to reduce crime such as illegal immigration, drug trafficking, and violent crime. It will also identify deficiencies in existing law, evaluate crime data, and conduct studies. Within one year, the task force should submit a report to Trump summarizing its findings and recommendations.

Read the full order from February 9 here.

#20. Fiduciary Duty Rule (Memo)

This memo to the Secretary of Labor directed him to examine the Fiduciary Duty Rule to determine if it would hurt Americans’ ability to get retirement and financial advice. The Secretary was directed to provide an updated economic and legal analysis of the impact of the rule, considering whether it’s harmed investors, disrupted the retirement industry in a way that hurt investors or retirees, and if it will cause an increase in litigation. The Secretary can propose rescinding or revising the rule.

The rule hails from Obama’s administration to protect retirement money from financial advisers who have conflicts of interest. It was scheduled to begin in April.

Read the full memo from February 9 here.

#19. Regulating U.S. Financial System (Executive Order)

In this order, Trump states “core principles” for regulating the U.S. financial system. these include empowering Americans to “make independent financial decisions… save for retirement, and build individual wealth,” prevent taxpayer-funded bailouts, foster economic growth with more rigorous regulatory impact analysis, enable American companies to compete with foreign firms, and more.

Read the full order from February 3 here.

#18. Eliminate Two Regulations for Every New Regulation (Executive Order)

This order required two regulations be eliminated for every one new federal regulation. Here’s how it’s worded:

In addition to the management of the direct expenditure of taxpayer dollars through the budgeting process, it is essential to manage the costs associated with the governmental imposition of private expenditures required to comply with Federal regulations.  Toward that end, it is important that for every one new regulation issued, at least two prior regulations be identified for elimination, and that the cost of planned regulations be prudently managed and controlled through a budgeting process.

The order also directs that the “total incremental cost of all new regulations” shall be no greater than zero, including repealed regulations, unless required by law. And new incremental costs for new regulations should be offset by eliminating existing costs of two prior regulations.

Read the full order from January 30 here.

#17. Executive Branch Ethics Commitments (i.e. Anti-Lobbying & Draining the Swamp) (Executive Order)

This order is the “draining the swamp” executive order. It requires executive appointees to sign a pledge not to lobby a foreign government ever and not to engage in any other form of lobbying for five years after leaving government. Here are some quotes form the order:

I will not, within 5 years after the termination of my employment as an appointee in any executive agency in which I am appointed to serve, engage in lobbying activities with respect to that agency.”

And…

I also agree, upon leaving Government service, not to engage in lobbying activities with respect to any covered executive branch official or non-career Senior Executive Service appointee for the remainder of the Administration.”

And…

I will not, at any time after the termination of my employment in the United States Government, engage in any activity on behalf of any foreign government or foreign political party which, were it undertaken on January 20, 2017, would require me to register under the Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938, as amended.”

Read the full order from January 28 here.

#16. National Security Council & Homeland Security (Memo)

This memo determined Trump’s system for national security policy and listed who would be part of the National Security Council and the Homeland Security Council. It also named a single NSC staff within the executive office that would serve both the NSC and the HSC. It also mentioned that the Principals Committee would continue to serve as the Cabinet-level senior interagency forum. The most controversial part of the memo stated: “The Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff, the Assistant to the President and Chief Strategist, the Counsel to the President, the Deputy Counsel to the President for National Security Affairs, and the Director of the Office of Management and Budget are invited as attendees to any NSC meeting.”

Read the full memo from January 28 here.

#15. Plan to Defeat ISIS (Memo)

This memo directs Trump’s administration to develop a comprehensive plan to defeat ISIS and have a preliminary draft ready in 30 days. This includes changes in rules of engagement, public diplomacy, cyber strategies, new partners, cutting off financial support, and more.

Read the full memo from January 28 here.

#14. Rebuild the Armed Forces (Memo)

In this memo, Trump directs the Secretary of Defense and the Director of the Office of Management and Budget to rebuild the Armed Forces, first by conducting a 30-day readiness review that assesses readiness conditions (such as equipment and training), and propose reallocations. Within 60 days, they are to submit a plan to achieve readiness before FY 2019. The memo also mentions initiating a new nuclear review to ensure we are tailored for 21st-century threats, along with a ballistic missile review.

Read the full memo from January 28 here.

#13. Original Immigration Ban (Executive Order)

This is Trump’s original immigration ban.

Read the full order from January 27 here.

#12. Border Wall & Immigration (Executive Order)

This order begins by talking about how important border security is to national security and cutting down on drug- and human-trafficking networks. It reads, in part: “The purpose of this order is to direct executive departments and agencies (agencies) to deploy all lawful means to secure the Nation’s southern border, to prevent further illegal immigration into the United States, and to repatriate illegal aliens swiftly, consistently, and humanely.” The order states that the Secretary of Homeland Security should immediately take steps to plan, design, and build a wall on the southern border, allocate federal funds for this, develop long-term funding requirements for the wall, and develop a comprehensive study about the security of the wall to be finished in 180 days.

The order also states that the Secretary should allocate resources to immediately construct facilities to detain aliens near the border, assign asylum officers to detention facilities, allocate funds to assign immigration judges to detention facilities, and “immediately … ensure the detention of aliens apprehended for violations of immigration law pending the outcome of their removal proceedings…” Then the Secretary should “take appropriate action … to ensure that aliens … are returned to the territory from which they came pending a formal removal proceeding.”

Read the full order from January 25 here.

#11. Public Safety in the U.S. Interior — Cut Funding to Sanctuary Cities (Executive Order)

This order requires enforcement of immigration laws and it states that sanctuary jurisdictions violate federal law. In essence, Trump called on sanctuary cities to follow the law or lose federal funding.

Read the full order from January 25 here.

#10. Streamline Permitting & Reducing Regulations for Domestic Manufacturing (Memo)

This memo directs executive agencies to support expanding manufacturing in the U.S. by expediting reviews and approvals for new manufacturing facilities, and reduce regulatory burdens. The Secretary of Commerce should also talk to stakeholders about the impact current regulations have on domestic manufacturing within 60 days. After this, the Secretary must submit a plan to streamline permits and reducing regulations.

Read the full memo from January 24 here.

#9. Pipelines Must Be Built or Repaired with U.S. Materials & Equipment (Memo)

This memo required all new pipelines and pipeline repairs to use U.S. materials and equipment, “to the maximum extend possible.” This instructs the Secretary of Commerce to submit a plan to make this a reality within 180 days of the memo.

Read the full memo from January 24 here.

#8. Expedite Environmental Reviews & Approvals for ‘High Priority’ Infrastructure (Memo)

This memo requires expedited deadlines to complete environmental reviews of “high priority” infrastructure projects. A governor or head of any executive agency can request a project be deemed “high priority,” and that must be reviewed within 30 days of the request. Considerations include general welfare, value to the nation, environmental benefits, and other factors.

Read the full memo from January 24 here.

#7. Construction of Keystone XL Pipeline (Memo)

This memo instructed immediate review and approval for constructing the Keystone XL Pipeline. It invited TransCanada to resubmit its application for construction of the pipeline. The application would be reviewed quickly, and the final supplemental environmental impact statement from 2014 would be viewed as satisfactory.

Read the full memo from January 24 here.

#6. Construction of Dakota Access Pipeline (Memo)

This memo instructed the Army to take all necessary actions to expedite review and approval (to the extent permitted by law) of easements and right-of-ways for the DAPL to finish construction. It also instructed consideration of withdrawing the notice of preparing an environmental impact statement about the DAPL, and considering the July 2016 environmental assessment as satisfactory.

Read the full memo from January 24 here.

#5. Reinstating NGO ‘Global Gag Rule’ on Discussing Abortions (Memo)

This memo revokes President Barack Obama’s 2009 memo and reinstates the 2001 memo. The 2001 memo was a “global gag rule” banning American NGOs from discussing abortion when working abroad. Ronald Reagan first created the order in 1984, and its reinstated and then withdrawn every time a Democrat or Republican switches control of the presidential office.

Read the full memo from January 23 here.

#4. Withdrawing from the Trans-Pacific Partnership (Memo)

This memo states that it’s Trump’s intention to deal with countries one-on-one or bilaterally for future trade deals. So it instructs the U.S. Trade Representative to withdraw the U.S. “as a signatory” to the TPP and permanently withdraw from TPP negotiations.

Read the full memo from January 23 here.

#3. Hiring Freeze (Memo)

This memo ordered a hiring freeze on federal civilian employees across the board, filling no vacant positions or creating new ones except for positions deemed necessary for national security or public safety. The Director of OPM can also grant additional exemptions. The memo requires a long-term plan to reduce the federal government’s workforce in 90 days. Once that plan is implemented, the hiring freeze will end.

Read the full memo from January 23 here.

#2. Letter to Heads of Agencies Regarding Pending Hiring Freeze (Memo)

This presidential memo, written by Reince Priebus, was written to heads of executive agencies regarding the upcoming hiring freeze. It also addresses how to send regulations.

Read the full memo from January 20 here.

#1. Begin Repealing Obamacare & Allow Officials to Waive Associated Fees & Taxes (Executive Order)

This order states the administration will seek “the prompt repeal” of the Affordable Care Act, while also minimizing economic burdens of the Act in the meantime. Officials are also allowed to waive, defer, or exempt states and individuals from any fees, taxes, or burdens from the Act. Agencies will also give states flexibility in implementing their own healthcare programs and encourage the development of a free market of healthcare services.

Read the full order from January 20 here.

2 Comments

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2 Comments

Anonymous

Obama signed 276 EOS in eight years. Trump has already signed about 37 in just les than two and a half months. Obama faced an obstructionist Congress. Trump’s party is now in charge. So why is he bypassing the Congress, and just issuing so many EOs. When Obama signed his EOs, the Republicans went balistic. Where is the outrage that was vented against Obama? Is this a Double Standard? If so, then why does trump get such a free pass? Why does he ignore Congress, and why is Congress so silent?

Anonymous

Trump rocked the Washington Establishment, so now he’ll have to sign a lot of EOs because his perspective is so much different than his predecessors – and as we’ve seen, he is receiving zero cooperation. The same thing would have happened to Bernie, if he was actually allowed to win.

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