Guillermo Haro: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know

Google Doodle Guillermo Haro

Google DoodleGoogle Doodle Guillermo Haro

Today, Google Doodle is honoring astronomer Guillermo Haro and his 105th birthday. He was born on March 21, 1913 and died on April 26, 1988, after a long and successful career in astronomy. He married a famous journalist and made numerous discoveries in science that led to a galaxy and an observatory being named after him. Here is what you need to know about Guillermo Haro, including a documentary produced by his son that you can watch at the end of this story.

1. Guillermo Haro Barraza Started Out Studying Philosophy Before He Discovered Astronomy

Haro was born in Mexico in 1913 to Haro and Leonor Barraza. He grew up during the Mexican revolution. Interestingly, he didn’t get his education in astronomy, he actually studied philosophy at the National Autonomous University of Mexico and intended to have a law career. In 1943, he was hired as an assistant to Luis Enrique Erro at the Observatorio Astrofiscio de Tonantzintla. This is where his love of astronomy began. He worked at the Harvard College Observatory from 1943 to 1944 and returned to Mexico in 1945. In 1947, he began working for the Observatorio de Tacubaya of the UNAM.

2. He Made Numerous Contributions & Discoveries in Astronomy

Herbi-Haro Objects

NASA/ESAHerbi-Haro Objects

Haro made numerous scientific contributions, including discovering the Herbig-Haro objects. These are small, bright nebula that form near regions where stars recently formed. They are created when fast-moving jets of material from new stars collide with a type of interstellar medium. This creates shock waves that ionize gas. An emission line of electrons and ions forms as the gas cools, creating the Herbig-Haro objects. These were discovered simultaneously and independently by George Herbig.

Haro also discovered flare stars in the Orion constellation, and in stellar aggregates of different ages. Haro also listed 8,746 blue stars in the direction of the north galactic pole, 50 of which turned out to be quasars (which actually had not been discovered yet.) In 1956 he listed 44 blue galaxies, and discovered T Tauri stars, a supernova, more than 10 novae, and a comet.

Because of his discoveries, Haro was the first Mexican (and the first person from a developing country) elected to the Royal Astronomical Society. He received this honor in 1959.

3. A Galaxy & an Observatory Are Named After Him

ESOHaro 11

Haro first included the galaxy Haro 11 in a study he published in 1956 that listed blue galaxies. It’s a small starbust galaxy that has “super star clusters” within it. It’s one of only nine galaxies in the local universe known to emit Lyman Continuum photons.

The Guillermo Haro Observatory in Sonora is named after Haro. It’s owned and operated by the National Institute of Astrophysics, Optics, and Electronics. The telescope began operating in 1992. Its purposes including making atmospheric extinction measurements and monitoring light pollution.

4. His Second Wife, Elena Poniatowska, Is an Award-Winning Writer Who Covers Social and Human Rights Issues

Haro’s first wife as Gladys Learn Rojas. Haro’s second wife, Elena Poniatowska, is a journalist and writer who has published journalism essays, non-fiction books, and novels. They met in 1959 when she interviewed him for a story, were married in 1968, and divorced in 1981. She liked to say that he treated her badly when she interviewed him, and she got her revenge by marrying him. She said he was very showy in interviews and liked to give people a hard time, asking them the same questions over and over. She also joked that when she felt an affinity for the movie ET, he wasn’t too sympathetic, since he hated the idea of UFOs.

Elena’s work focused on the disenfranchised, especially women and the poor. Her most famous work is “La noche to Tlatelolco” (Massacre in Mexico), about the 1968 student protests in Mexico City. She was awarded the Miguel de Cervantes Prize in 2013 and, at 85, she still writes today. She once said that her book, “La Piel del Cielo,” had a character based on Haro’s youth and childhood. She said he was an intelligent, funny, and caring man who cried when their son Felipe was born.

Here’s Elena, speaking about her husband in a Spanish-language interview:

Elena also wrote a non-fiction book about her husband called “El universo o nada” (The Universe or Nothing.)

5. His Son Made a Documentary About Him

Elena and Haro had three children: Emmanuel (born in 1955), Felipe (born in 1968), and Paula (born in 1970). Felipe Haro Poniatowski is a filmmaker who made a documentary about his dad that explored Haro’s life and interviewed people who were close to him. The documentary was produced by TV UNAM and Puebla TV. Emmanuel is a professor in the Department of Physics at a university in Mexico.

Here’s the 11-minute documentary about Haro and his life that his son produced:

Eleven minutes not long enough? Watch the 27-minute version of the documentary below:

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TRUMP must honour this American student MARTA in India with a medal for her social work TOILETS to poor Indian people

Trump must honour this American student with a medal. March 19th, 2018
God bless this American student .
God bless her.
This American Student Who Builds Toilets And Roads In Rural India With Her Money
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Marta, who grew up in Boston and volunteers with the Rajiv Gandhi Mahila Vikas Pariyojana, is helping India overcome this problem by giving them access to what should be a basic right – a toilet. Until now, she has built more than 100 low-cost evapotranspiration toilets in the villages of Usuri, Ayodhya Ka Purwa, Jimidar ka Purwa and Dhakolia. She is currently working on 20 new toilets in one other hamlet of Uttar Pradesh.
What’s interesting is that the evapotranspiration toilet built by Marta just costs Rs. 9,978 whereas government toilet, built under the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan costs about Rs. 17,000.
For the villagers impacted by Marta’s work, these toilets finally mean an end to open defecation.
“It was my dream to build a toilet for my daughter. I disliked the fact that she had to defecate in the open or hold it for too long before she could relieve herself. At present, I am working with Marta and helping her out to build more toilets in my village. I am not doing this for money but for my own family and villagers,” said one of the villagers living in Usuri.
The evapotranspiration toilet design used to make India Open Defecation free has a single tank, which, is five feet tall, two feet wide and nine feet long.
First the tank is lined with a nonporous material and then filled with layers of broken brick, small stones and sand. Together these layers, through the processes of evaporation and transpiration, filter the waste matter so that almost 70 percent of it becomes biogas exiting out of the back pipe and the remaining 30 percent slowly rises to the top as organic material.
“This toilet model which I am using in rural villages of India is what the Brazilian government is using there,” said Marta.
God bless you Marta.
God will reward you
God will honour you.
Jesus loves you.

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